ВелоБайк – московский городской велопрокат. 3.1.3 (iOS / App Store)

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This application is available for iOS. This app is designed to rent bicycles in Moscow via official service ‘Velobike’. The latest build was released on Apr 26, 2017. Our latest check was performed on Apr 5th, 2017.

Findings Summary

Our examination revealed total 20 items, where were 9 DAR items and 11 DIT items found. Among DAR items were found 1 worst item, 7 bad items, 1 good item, and 0 best items. Among DIT items were found 10 worst items, 1 bad item, 0 good items, and 0 best items.

Below you find 3 infographics summarizing what we described above. Each image provides information about both DAR and DIT items.

 

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Everything presented below is related to well-known CWEs, such as Sensitive data leakage [CWE-200], Unsafe sensitive data storage [CWE-312], Unsafe sensitive data transmission [CWE-319]. You can read more about it here.

Now let’s go deeper and examine each data item’s protection level.

 

Application Description

Let’s cite the description of this application below:

Официальное приложение для клиентов общегородского велопроката Москвы, которое позволяет легко и быстро получить доступ к системе и воспользоваться услугой проката.
С помощью приложения вы можете:

  • найти ближайшую станцию велопроката и проверить наличие свободных велосипедов и парковочных мест;
  • зарегистрироваться в системе, купить удобный тариф или пополнить баланс;
  • всегда знать точное время и стоимость своей поездки;
  • отслеживать историю поездок;
  • первым узнавать новости и специальные акции ВелоБайк;

 

Protection levels.

Locally stored data (Data-at-Rest, DAR).

Locally stored data groups include Media Information, Account Information, Credentials Information, Booking ‘n’ Purchases Information, Analytics ‘n’ Ads Information.
The average DAR value is 3.44 points (6.22 points of system protection and 0.67 points of own protection). It is less than a typical value (3.5 points, where’s 7 points of system protection and 0 points of own protection).

Items’ GROUP #1 with average value 6.50 points (7 points of system protection, 6 points of own protection) means data protection levels have following definitions. Frankly talking, protection and privacy issues are still possible but might involve interaction with an app code where system protection level means – root/jailbreak is required but not possible without wiping device data, and own protection level means – data is not available in backups.

– Screen Snapshots (‘Media Information’ Group) – Screenshots of your device screen running certain apps; common as an iOS app multitasking feature (app swipes) or browser tab swipes. This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any data like photo, image, video, audio

Items’ GROUP #2 with average value 3.50 points (7 points of system protection, 0 points of own protection) means data protection levels have following definitions. Frankly talking, extra data found that shouldn’t be accessed where system protection level means – root/jailbreak is required but not possible without wiping device data, and own protection level means – stored as is.

– Account Data (‘Account Information’ Group) – Basic info about account like name, a list of sub-account (e.g. financial or other) and some linked data like a phone number. This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any info related to profiles, basic credential IDs like email or username or phone number plus some more info depends on applications,

– Media Data (‘Account Information’ Group) – Any info like images, audios, videos, media notes, etc. This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any info related to profiles, basic credential IDs like email or username or phone number plus some more info depends on applications,

– Credentials (Access IDs) (‘Credentials Information’ Group) – Different tokens used to get access to your account, except for passwords but including app or 3rd party tokens, secret keys, etc. (usually don’t give full access to your account because based on permissions linked to these access tokens). This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any types of credentials including basic (IDs only), passwords, tokens, etc.,

– Credentials (IDs) (‘Credentials Information’ Group) – Only account IDs like app or 3rd party user IDs including emails, phone number, usernames, etc. (depends on apps). This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any types of credentials including basic (IDs only), passwords, tokens, etc.,

– Credentials (Passwords) (‘Credentials Information’ Group) – Well-known passwords or PINs you’re using to get access to your account (usually it is worse than tokens because it gives full access to your account). This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any types of credentials including basic (IDs only), passwords, tokens, etc.,

– Orders & Reservation History (‘Booking ‘n’ Purchases Information’ Group) – Basic info about orders, reservations, like ID, date and time, amount of payment, and place (depends on apps). This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any info related to your booking and purchases like travel, app or another kind of purchases,

– Device Details (‘Analytics ‘n’ Ads Information’ Group) – Includes basic device details plus hardware key and fingerprints as well as IMEI. This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any info related to analytics services like Flurry, Google Analytics, etc. or advertisements

Items’ GROUP #3 with average value 0.00 points (0 points of system protection, 0 points of own protection) means data protection levels have following definitions. Frankly talking, data ‘as is’ and easily accessed (plaintext, no protection at all) where system protection level means – stored on external drives like sd cards, public folders or jailbroken/rooted device, and own protection level means – stored as is.

– Place Details (‘Booking ‘n’ Purchases Information’ Group) – Any info about public place (city, country, address, contacts) stored in text or media file format. This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any info related to your booking and purchases like travel, app or another kind of purchases

Also, keep in mind, using jailbroken device means the system protection level is 0 points and you’re using out-of-date iOS < 8.3 the system protection level is 2 points. If some data marked as shareable via iTunes, then the system protection level is 4 points.

Transferred data (Data-in-Transit, DIT).

Transferred data groups include Account Information, Credentials Information, Location ‘n’ Maps Information, Booking ‘n’ Purchases Information, Analytics ‘n’ Ads Information.
The average DIT value is 0.41 points (0.45 points of system protection and 0.36 points of own protection). It is less than a typical value (4 points, where’s 4 points of system protection and 4 points of own protection).

Items’ GROUP #1 with average value 0.00 points (0 points of system protection, 0 points of own protection) means data protection levels have following definitions. Frankly talking, data ‘as is’ and easily accessed (plaintext, no protection at all) where system protection level means – transferred (or supposed to be) ‘as is’ (plaintext) due to jailbreak/root or preinstalled non-trusted firmware, certificates, etc., and own protection level means – transferred as is, perhaps protection mode turns off or doesn’t exist or info reveal eventually.

– Account Data (‘Account Information’ Group) – Basic info about account like name, a list of sub-account (e.g. financial or other) and some linked data like a phone number. This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any info related to profiles, basic credential IDs like email or username or phone number plus some more info depends on applications,

– Media Data (‘Account Information’ Group) – Any info like images, audios, videos, media notes, etc. This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any info related to profiles, basic credential IDs like email or username or phone number plus some more info depends on applications,

– Credentials (Access IDs) (‘Credentials Information’ Group) – Different tokens used to get access to your account, except for passwords but including app or 3rd party tokens, secret keys, etc. (usually don’t give full access to your account because based on permissions linked to these access tokens). This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any types of credentials including basic (IDs only), passwords, tokens, etc.,

– Credentials (IDs) (‘Credentials Information’ Group) – Only account IDs like app or 3rd party user IDs including emails, phone number, usernames, etc. (depends on apps). This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any types of credentials including basic (IDs only), passwords, tokens, etc.,

– Credentials (Passwords) (‘Credentials Information’ Group) – Well-known passwords or PINs you’re using to get access to your account (usually it is worse than tokens because it gives full access to your account). This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any types of credentials including basic (IDs only), passwords, tokens, etc.,

– GEO Data (‘Location ‘n’ Maps Information’ Group) – Any GEO info stored as plain text referred to the places or tracked activity. This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any geodata from trackers, social networks, GPS, etc.,

– Address Data (‘Location ‘n’ Maps Information’ Group) – Home, work or another type of owner address stored by apps. This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any geodata from trackers, social networks, GPS, etc.,

– Orders & Reservation History (‘Booking ‘n’ Purchases Information’ Group) – Basic info about orders, reservations, like ID, date and time, amount of payment, and place (depends on apps). This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any info related to your booking and purchases like travel, app or another kind of purchases,

– Place Details (‘Location ‘n’ Maps Information’ Group) – Any info about public place (city, country, address, contacts) stored in text or media file format. This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any geodata from trackers, social networks, GPS, etc.,

– Place Details (‘Booking ‘n’ Purchases Information’ Group) – Any info about public place (city, country, address, contacts) stored in text or media file format. This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any info related to your booking and purchases like travel, app or another kind of purchases

Items’ GROUP #2 with average value 4.50 points (5 points of system protection, 4 points of own protection) means data protection levels have following definitions. Frankly talking, data available if it’s allowed only and may require user action where system protection level means – some techniques are available to developers to keep connection bypassing system settings, like proxy settings, etc., and own protection level means – bypassed by fake/stolen root certificates.

– Device Details (‘Analytics ‘n’ Ads Information’ Group) – Includes basic device details plus hardware key and fingerprints as well as IMEI. This data item related to mentioned group meant to be any info related to analytics services like Flurry, Google Analytics, etc. or advertisements

Keep in mind if you’re using out-of-date iOS < 9.0, the system level equals 2 points instead of 4. It means your data can be stolen without involving your actions.

Privacy Policy

Full application privacy policy is available here.

You may find privacy policy details proceeding the link above to compare developer’s vision on data protection with our results.